Now that you know what is being injured, here’s an overview of the type of injuries that can occur. These highly painful injuries generate in a number of different ways. Some are illustrated by the icons at the bottom of the page. There are many other conditions that are not illustrated here that also respond well to Life Back LaserTM. Ask the doctor if your specific condition can be treated.
For comparison, look at the normal discs at the right. You can see that the spinal cord and the nerves are not touched by any condition or injury of the discs. Discs are not inflamed, bulging, or herniated (ruptured). No other injuries such as crushed or broken vertebrae or other conditions creating contact with nerves are present. This is a pain-free state.
There can be a lot of pain associated with bulging discs. As seen at the right, the spinal cord in the center foramen, with nerves coming off of each side is being pushed and stimulated by a disc that is damaged and bulging. That bulging disc could have been caused by a number of different activities, and will remain painful until repaired.
The main feature of a herniated disc is that it is ruptured. With this injurythe jelly-like interior of the disc, the pulposis pushes out of the walls of the disc and touches the spinal cord or nerves. This will not resolve without treatment to heal the condition.
Sciatica is caused by compression and irritation of the sciatic nerve(s) in the lower spine. It can also be caused by nerve root damage. Sciatica is a condition with various causes including pressure from herniated and bulged discs, bony growths or “bone spurs,” even issues of nerve pressure in pregnancy, and occasionally tumors of growths.
Torn surfaces, deep tearing along the horizontal axis, loss of disc height and cushioning ability, cartilage loss, and eventually complete failure and the formation of Osteophytes (see page 2). Degeneration eventually causes complete flexibility loss as vertebrae fuse together.
Facet joints are the interface points between vertebra. There is a joint on either side at every spinal level with a cartilage cushion, preventing slippage over the vertebra beneath it. The joints facilitate twisting and turning. Nerve fibers in the tissue that surrounds the joints can cause intense pain when bone spurs occur, or cartilage degenerates.
Compression fractures most often occur in the elderly, or those who have received treatment for cancer, but any substantial, severe trauma can break the vertebrae in the spine. Splinters of bone work their way into the spinal cord and nerves causing severe pain.
Stenosis is the narrowing of the foramen, or spinal cord opening by bony growths and sometimes disc material that causes squeezing, pinching and irritation of the spinal cord. This can lead to pain, weakness, tingling and numbness in the legs. Stenosis also causes sciatic conditions.
Whiplash causes rapid, extreme motion to the cervical spine with movements and shearing action that causes severe muscle and disc trauma. Damage to the spinal cord can occur, and other related issues that can cause migraines, dizziness, forgetfulness, ongoing blurred vision.
Below: Typical activities, habits, or conditions that can cause injuries to the spine or discs that may result in back pain. Injuries can result from everyday activities, or may be caused by structural defects, genetics, or dietary habits that result in poor bone composition.